ENCOVI, statistical insight into the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela
The Living Conditions National Survey (Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de vida -ENCOVI) is an annual national scale research currently performed by Andres Bello Catholic University (UCAB) at Venezuela.
This Project started in 2014 as a result of the concern on the scarce availability of relevant and updated statistical information on issues like housing conditions, labor markets dynamics and so on. This concern was shared by members o f the main Venezuelan universities: Venezuelan Central University (Universidad Central de Venezuela-UCV), Simón Bolívar University ( Universidad Simón Bolívar –USB) and UCAB.
By 2014, scarcity of updated statistical information (provided by governmental agencies) was critical; as a result, accountability of public policies was hard to do. Due to this, members of the main Venezuelan universities designed (and performed) an annual national scale survey on population living conditions, for monitoring public policies.
The main objective of ENCOVI is to produce relevant and updated information in order to know Venezuelan population living conditions, to account socioeconomic disparities and to identify main social situations that threaten economic, social and cultural rights.
What does ENCOVI measure?
- Housing conditions;
- Basic services (access to water, electricity, and sanitary services);
- Access to education and reasons for poor school attendance;
- Labor market features (unemployment, informality, social security, income, poverty -accounted by different methods like poverty line, unsatisfied basic needs, integrated method, multidimensional);
- Food security and nutritional deficiencies,
- Citizen security; social programs and beneficiaries among other aspects.
- Retirement (types of pension available, institutions from which the pension and/or retirement is received and the monthly amount, contribution to any pension fund etc.)
ENCOVI has become a source of updated and useful information for researchers, public policy makers, legislators, political parties, unions, international organizations, and other Venezuelan civil society organizations.
Rising poverty, child malnutrition, the impact of COVID-19, forced mass migration, food insecurity, and the deterioration of the quality of life of the Venezuelan people were some of the issues evaluated in the most recent edition of the survey 2019-2020. The results are dramatic: 96.3% of households live in poverty and the trend of food security deterioration continues, with only 3% of them escaping food insecurity. This crisis impacts all social groups and is advancing rapidly, with multidimensional poverty growing from 51% in 2018 to 64.8% in 2019. 79.3% of the people do not have enough income to cover basic food expenses, at least one in every four households has severe food insecurity. 30% ( 639,000) of children under five years of age suffer from chronic malnutrition and 8% (166,000) present global malnutrition by weight/ age indicator.
For the latest results from the ENCOVI survey visit the official website at: www.proyectoencovi.com